Oneida Indian Nation Representative and Turning Stone Enterprises Chief Executive Officer
Ray Halbritter is the Representative of the Oneida Indian Nation and the Chief Executive Officer of its enterprises, leading the Oneida people to an economic and cultural renaissance that has been hailed as a national model of success.
Halbritter’s experience embodies the Oneida people’s larger resurgence over the last 30 years. The grandson of an Oneida leader and the son of a nurse, he lived in an impoverished community on the Oneida Indian Nation’s sacred homeland and saw his family members die in an inferno neglected by local officials. He toiled as an ironworker to make ends meet, eventually getting into Syracuse University and then Harvard Law School.
Having deep roots in his Nation, Halbritter returned to Central New York to use his education to give back to his community, beginning the arduous process of building the first major enterprises on the Oneida homelands. With Halbritter at the helm, the Oneida Indian Nation became the first American Indian government in 1979 to offer gaming operations on sovereign land — one of many prescient moves that positioned the Oneida people to build what would become a world-class entertainment and gaming facility in the heart of the Northeast.
In the early years of the resurgence, Halbritter’s vision of major enterprises was at first derided by the local media as unrealistic – but through diligence, hard work and collaboration, he helped transform an empty cornfield into sustainable enterprises that have become an engine of jobs, shared prosperity and cultural resurgence for the Oneida people. In the process, he has forged historic pacts with the federal government to recognize the Oneidas for the first time in a century and put more land under Oneida control than at any time since 1824. He has also forged historic agreements with governors of New York and county leaders to end age-old disputes and make sure the Oneida enterprises are working to guarantee prosperity both for today’s community and for future generations to come.
Through it all, he has instilled in the Oneida’s business enterprises a sense of cultural investment, making sure that revenues are invested in health care, schools and services for Oneida members, as well as in institutions that will help protect the Oneida’s heritage. These include endowing a Harvard professorship in American Indian law, supporting the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of the American Indian and becoming a founding donor to the Museum of the American Revolution. It also includes investing in the work of protecting Native Americans’ political rights through support for the National Congress of American Indians and launching the “Change the Mascot” campaign that successfully fought to change the name of Washington D.C.’s NFL franchise.
Business-wise, the Oneida Indian Nation’s success under Halbritter’s leadership has been hailed as a model for sustainable, diversified and self-sufficient economic development. In all, the Nation’s businesses include Turning Stone Resort Casino, YBR Casino & Sports Book, Point Place Casino, The Lake House at Sylvan Beach, The Cove at Sylvan Beach, the Maple Leaf Market & SāvOn chain of convenience stores, Oneida Innovations Group, Oneida Technical Solutions, a hunting preserve, fishing lodge and several marinas.
Those businesses have earned national and international recognition and honors, including Four-Star rating from the prestigious Forbes Travel Guide and Four Diamond ratings from AAA for the resort’s luxury hotels and its restaurants; being named the Academy of Country Music’s Casino of the Year; and inclusion of all three of Turning Stone’s championship-caliber golf courses in Golfweek magazine’s list of Top 100 courses in the country, among multiple other golf awards. The Nation’s Atunyote Golf Course hosted the annual Notah Begay III Foundation Challenge charity event, which Tiger Woods won in 2009.
As a business and cultural leader, Halbritter has continued to give back to his community with the same enthusiasm that he brought to his people when he first began working to build Turning Stone. He has served as chairman of the Turning Stone Resort Championship and the Upstate New York Empowerment Fund, which raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for dozens of Central New York charities and civic groups over the history of the golf tournament. He is the former publisher of the award-winning Indian Country Today Media Network. He serves as the chair of the executive board of the Environmental Media Association and is a member of the board of directors of the International Native American Center for the Performing and Visual Arts, Harvard Native American Law Board, Montpelier Spring Water Company, Mohawk Valley EDGE, the Hofmann Sausage Company and the Museum of the American Revolution. Halbritter is also a member of the board of trustees for the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures and a member of the Recording Academy; the National Advisory Council for the American Indian Program at Cornell University; the National Congress of American Indians; the United South and Eastern Tribes; and the Canadian Native Arts Foundation. Halbritter is also Executive Producer of “RUMBLE: The Indians Who Rocked the World.”
In 2012 Halbritter received the Mohawk Valley EDGE Leading Edge Award in recognition of the Oneida Indian Nation’s economic investment in the region. In 2018 he received the Native Voice Award from the National Congress of American Indians, recognizing him as one of the nation’s most distinguished leaders in Indian Country. In 2021 Halbritter was honored by the Oneida County History Center with the Richard W. Couper Living Legends Award as part of the organization’s Historical Hall of Fame. He also received an Environmental Media Association Lifetime Achievement Award for his work in tribal advancement.