HISTORY

Making their mark in American history, the Oneida Indian Nation became the first ally to America when they joined the colonists in their fight for independence during the American Revolutionary War. In 1794, after the victory over the British and many hardships for the Oneidas, George Washington signed the Treaty of Canandaigua recognizing the Oneida Nation as a sovereign entity. The agreement granted federal protection of 300,000 acres.

Oneida Indian Nation homelands originally consisted of more than six million acres stretching from the St. Lawrence River to the Susquehanna River. Oneida villages thrived in and around the present-day communities of Stockbridge, Oneida Castle, Canastota, Oriskany, the city of Oneida and elsewhere in what are now Oneida and Madison counties.

By the early 1900s, illegal state treaties nearly depleted the Oneida Indian Nation of its homeland. The Oneidas did what they had to do to survive. Some moved, some sold their land. The Oneidas had to fight to recover the last 32 acres granted to them. The federal government filed suit in U.S. District Court in 1919 to help the Oneida Indian Nation reclaim this land.

Today, the Oneida Indian Nation has regained more than 18,000 acres of their original homelands – the most they have had recognized sovereignty over since 1824. A slow steady climb and dedicated perseverance has led to a resurgence for the Oneida Indian Nation that today prospers through their many diverse enterprises, including Turning Stone Resort Casino and a chain of SavOn Convenience stores.

This economic upturn has allowed the Oneida Indian Nation to provide many
programs and services to its Members as well as reinvest in their enterprises and community to become an economic engine in the Central New York region,
as one of the largest employers in the state.

Historical Timeline of the Oneida Indian Nation

A Gift for the Ages Inspired by Oneida Regalia

In a quiet acquisition last year, the Nation purchased a collection of Haudenosaunee items that included an Oneida woman’s regalia, circa 1870s. The purchase of the raiment in and of itself [...]

Oneidas in the U.S. Military: Others Who Served

From Smithsonian Magazine and American Indian Magazine: According to the Department of Defense, more than 23,000 of the 1.2 million men and women on active duty in the U.S. military today ar [...]

Oneidas in the U.S. Military: Korea and Vietnam

From Smithsonian Magazine and American Indian Magazine: During the Korean War (1950–1953), battle-hardened Native American troops from World War II were joined by American Indians newly recr [...]

Nation Member Part of Reconnaissance Team in Vietnam

Vaughn “Chip” Isaacs (Turtle Clan) is a Vietnam Veteran who served two tours in the war from 1966-1969 as a long-range reconnaissance patrol specialist with the Army Rangers. He’s an honored [...]

Oneidas in the U.S. Military: Conflicts in the Middle East

From American Indian Magazine Since the Gulf War, the U.S. has been engaged in an ongoing series of conflicts, primarily in Afghanistan and Iraq. American Indian men and women continue to se [...]

Nation Member Seeks Meaningful Work in Air Force

He grew up on the Tuscarora Indian Reservation in western New York, and his journeys have taken him all over the globe. Yet, his heart lies here, on his ancestral land, the land of the Oneid [...]

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