Making their mark in American history, the Oneida Indian Nation became the first ally to America when they joined the colonists in their fight for independence during the American Revolutionary War. In 1794, after the victory over the British and many hardships for the Oneidas, George Washington signed the Treaty of Canandaigua recognizing the Oneida Indian Nation as a sovereign entity. The agreement granted federal protection of 300,000 acres.

Oneida Indian Nation homelands originally consisted of more than six million acres stretching from the St. Lawrence River to the Susquehanna River. Oneida villages thrived in and around the present-day communities of Stockbridge, Oneida Castle, Canastota, Oriskany, the city of Oneida and elsewhere in what are now Oneida and Madison counties.

By the early 1900s, illegal state treaties nearly depleted the Oneida Indian Nation of its homeland. The Oneidas did what they had to do to survive. Some moved, some sold their land. The Oneidas had to fight to recover the last 32 acres granted to them. The federal government filed suit in U.S. District Court in 1919 to help the Oneida Indian Nation reclaim this land.

Today, the Oneida Indian Nation has regained more than 18,000 acres of their original homelands – the most they have had recognized sovereignty over since 1824. A slow steady climb and dedicated perseverance has led to a resurgence for the Oneida Indian Nation that today prospers through their many diverse enterprises.

This economic upturn has allowed the Oneida Indian Nation to provide many
programs and services to its Members as well as reinvest in their enterprises and community to become an economic engine in the Central New York region,
as one of the largest employers in the state.

Historical Timeline of the Oneida Indian Nation

First Allies: Conflicts in the Middle East

From American Indian Magazine Since the Gulf War, the U.S. has been engaged in an ongoing series of conflicts, primarily in Afghanistan and Iraq. American Indian men and women continue to se [...]

Nation Member Seeks Meaningful Work in Air Force

He grew up on the Tuscarora Indian Reservation in western New York, and his journeys have taken him all over the globe. Yet, his heart lies here, on his ancestral land, the land of the Oneid [...]

Nation Member Fulfills Military Aspirations

As a little girl, Nichola Aregano (Turtle Clan) loved to watch war movies. She confessed to being fascinated by any film involving military action. Entering her junior year at Stockbridge Va [...]

Military Service is a Family Tradition for Kuhls

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Nation Member Enlists in Navy After Graduation

“I wish I had gone to college immediately after high school,” said Shane, who enlisted in the U.S. Navy upon graduation from Lafayette High School in 1989. Still, military duty proved to be [...]

September 11th Holds Dual Significance for Nation Member

The date of Sept. 11 has the power to evoke strong emotions. For Tom Jones (Turtle Clan), the day has dual significance. On that date in 1989, the then 29-year-old joined the Army. Twelve ye [...]

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